Myths and Legends

Many places have their foundation story. Olomouc has since at least the 16th century been talked about as being founded by Caesar. One of the first mentions about the possible founding of Olomouc can be found in the work by Renaissance Polish heraldist Bartoloměj Paprocký of Hloholy – Mirror of the Margraviate of Moravia (fourth book).

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Olomouc founding legend
A fictional story of a legionnaire

Historical forgeries

The so-called Moll collection of maps, vistas and transcripts of epigraphic monuments from the Habsburg Monarchy was created in the half of the 18th century. The collection included evidence of antiquities from all the empire. Drawings by Geyer from 1755 depicting alleged Roman antiquities relating to the surrounding area of Olomouc can be found in funds of the Moravian Library in Brno. Inscriptions on seven stone slabs and monuments are believed to come from a place where water barracks (including coins) were being built, from the mayor's garden or somewhere from the road to Náměšť na Hané, etc. The reason why these forgeries were created is not known today. The collection was probably used to represent the client, i.e. career diplomat Bernard Pavel Moll (1697-1780), before the elite of the then society.

Stone slabs with Latin inscription